An individual who had the authority to supervise or direct work on the Capitol construction site.

Joseph Henri Bourgeault


Joseph H. Bourgeault was the son of Joseph Bourgeault who supervised the stone cutting for the superstructure. He was born in Canada in 1875 and came to the U.S. with his family in 1880. Joseph H. played the clarinet and always gave his occupation as "musician" in Census records and, in fact, newspapers of the day announced that he was a soloist for a local orchestra. The 1901 City Directory, however, lists him as a foreman for Butler-Ryan and the Stone Cutter Journal of January 1899 reported that he was the shop foreman for the job.

John Boland


City Directory: Fry St. was called Walker St. at this time. John Boland was the superintendent of construction for the Capitol Commission though he lists Butler-Ryan as his employer in the 1898 CD. He was born in Ireland in 1844 and emigrated in 1849. His son, George, worked as a laborer on the Capitol.

Joseph Bourgeault


1900 St. Paul City Directory and Census. (In 1898 and 1899 Joseph and his family lived at 684 Wabasha.) Joseph Bourgeault supervised the stone cutting for the Capitol. He was born in 1849 in Montreal and came to the U.S. in 1880. Two of his sons also worked on the Capitol. Albert, born 1883, was a stonecutter and Joseph Henry was a foreman.

Charles Abbott


Charlie Abbott, though he names Butler-Ryan as his employer in the 1898 City Directory, was architect Cass Gilbert's inspector for the job. Abbott and the Butler Brothers, the contractors for the construction, had an extremely contentious relationship. Finally, according to Emmett Butler's memoir, Coolie Butler beat Abbott up and got him fired. This incident is even alluded to in Gilbert's architect log of Aug. 22, 1898.

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