1899-1904 City Directories, Staff Payroll and 1905 Census. African- American Benjamin Stephens (1872-1940 was born in Georgia and came to St. Paul with the marble from that state and worked with the machinery in the stone cutting shed. He stayed in St. Paul, raising his family here and got a job as janitor at the new Capitol in 1905 and 1906 but soon went back to the construction trades working as a "stone finisher" for many years.
<p>A specialized craftsman who builds or repairs marble structures.</p>
This is approximately where 203 Norris St. used to be-it is now under the freeway. Thomas Tromberg was born in Denmark in 1866 and emigrated in 1882. He joined the Tilelayers Union on August 3,1900 according to a report in the St. Paul Globe. He is found in San Francisco in the 1910 Census working in a marble yard.
No employer listed but this is where Michael Giordano and many other Capitol stone cutters lived.
John Gibney did not list an employer however he lived at this address with Thomas Gibney who listed Butler-Ryan.
Butler-Ryan stone cutter William Harvey also lived here.
Frank Erren lists his occupation as "marble cutter" in the 1898 and 1899 City Directories with no employer, however, several Capitol construction workers lived in his neighborhood, so I am assuming he worked there also. He named his occupation in the 1900 Census as "marble worker." He was born in 1852 in Michigan to German parents and lived at this address with his wife and children.
Ellis and Giordano also live here.
Itinerant stone cutter William Ellis does not list an employer but two Butler-Ryan employers also live at this address, Giordano and McKenna. He was active in the Local Union while he lived in St. Paul serving as Corresponding Secretary in 1899. In the Stone Cutter's Journal of February 1898 Ellis is listed as the "tyler" (warden) of the local union in Tate, Georgia. In June of 1898 the Journal reported that he had been cleared into the St. Paul local.